Natural England and JNCC Conservation Advice for Marine Protected Areas
South Dorset MCZ

This advice is draft and has been developed jointly between Natural England and JNCC. Both organisations have statutory responsibilities to provide conservation advice for this site due to its location crossing the 12 nautical mile boundary. Once this advice is published as formal advice it becomes Natural England’s and JNCC’s statutory advice and replaces the previous advice packages. In the interim, the draft advice should be used as a basis for informing management and case work as it reflects the most up-to-date evidence held by Natural England and JNCC.

Natural England and JNCC guidance

This site collection contains Natural England’s and Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC)'s conservation advice for this site. It fulfils Natural England’s and Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC)'s responsibility under the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, to give advice on how to further the conservation objectives for the site, identify the activities that are capable of affecting the designated features and the processes which they are dependent upon. This advice reflects the views of both Natural England and JNCC.

Natural England's and JNCC's conservation advice for this site is made up of a number of components. You will need to consider: Additional information for consideration:

Site information

Site name: South Dorset MCZ
Designation type: MCZ
Site identification: UKMCZ0022
Latest designation date: 31 May 2019
Designated features
(click to see site specific description):

General information on the site features:
The general information on the designated features from the MCZ features catalogue is useful for understanding the designated features, and should be used in conjunction with the site specific information.
Designated area (ha): 19300
Moderation/boundary changes: The site was designated on 12 December 2013. Moderate energy circalittoral rock was added as a protected feature on 29 January 2016. High energy circalittoral rock was added as a protected feature on 31 May 2019.
Overlapping Protected Areas:

Last updated: 13th March 2020

Background information and geography

Located approximately 17.5 km south of St Alban’s Head, South Dorset MCZ lies mainly within the 12 nautical mile limit with a small part extending further offshore. The site covers an area of approximately 193 km2.

South Dorset MCZ is entirely subtidal, with a depth range of 36 to 52 metres below chart datum, the site is a mosaic of sediment and rocky areas. It is designated for high energy circalittoral rock, moderate energy circalittoral rock, subtidal coarse sediment and subtidal chalk.

Due to reduced light penetration circalittoral rock is characterised by animal dominated species compared to Infralittoral rock which is algae dominated. Communities tend to be made up of a variety of species including bryozoans, sponges, ascidians, decapods and worms.

In deeper water such as this, the chalk seabed environment supports biological communities characteristic of reefs. Subtidal chalk habitats are particularly important for marine life and have been known to support rare species of sponge, edible crab and velvet swimming crab. Subtidal chalk habitats are rare, with soft rock that is easily bored and eroded and provides shelter for burrowing piddock and worms.

Subtidal coarse sediment can provide a nursery ground for many ecologically and commercially important fish species including sea bass and flat fish such as sole and plaice.

Site maps

Use the MAGIC website and the JNCC Interactive Mapper to see site maps, including habitats, species and other marine designations.

These maps are based on best available evidence, there are some caveats associated with the maps on MAGIC.

Conservation objectives

The site’s conservation objectives apply to the Marine Conservation Zone and the individual species and/or habitats for which the site has been designated (the “Designated features” listed below).

The conservation objective of the zone is that the protected habitats:

  1. are maintained in favourable condition if they are already in favourable condition
  2. be brought into favourable condition if they are not already in favourable condition

For each protected feature, favourable condition means that, within a zone:

  1. its extent is stable or increasing
  2. its structure and functions, its quality, and the composition of its characteristic biological communities (including diversity and abundance of species forming part of or inhabiting the habitat) are sufficient to ensure that its condition remains healthy and does not deteriorate

Any temporary deterioration in condition is to be disregarded if the habitat is sufficiently healthy and resilient to enable its recovery.

Any alteration to a feature brought about entirely by natural processes is to be disregarded when determining whether a protected feature is in favourable condition.

This should be read in conjunction with the accompanying supplementary advice section, which provides more detailed information to help achieve the objectives set out above, including which attributes should be maintained and which restored.

Designated features:

  • High energy circalittoral rock
  • Moderate energy circalittoral rock
  • Subtidal chalk
  • Subtidal coarse sediment


Supplementary Advice on Conservation Objectives

See supplementary advice on conservation objectives for this site, which aim to describe the range of ecological attributes that are most likely to contribute to a site’s overall integrity.

Last updated: 13th September 2019


Advice on Operations

See the advice on operations for this site to view information on the sensitivity of features in this site to the pressures exerted by different activities.

Last updated: 13th March 2020


Feature Condition

In 2016, Natural England trialled and rolled out a new Marine Protected Area (MPA) condition assessment methodology that provides robust results and information on the condition of marine features designated within MPAs in England. With guidance from National teams and using all available evidence and condition monitoring data, Area Teams conduct these assessments following a standardised approach that assesses if the feature and sub feature conservation targets set for each MPA have been met.

To date, condition assessments have been completed for a number of features in a range of marine Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) by the National and Area Teams. Further marine habitat features in SACs and other MPAs will continue to be assessed in the future. The new method can now also be applied to complete habitat and species condition assessments for other MPAs in England, whilst still meeting the different processes in place to report on the results of condition of features in Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs). Different processes are currently in place to decide and report on the condition of non-marine habitat and species features of SACs.

The main part of the assessment process is directly undertaken and stored here on Natural England’s Designated Sites View. The details for the most recent assessments of this site can be found here.

Management measures

If you are carrying out an environmental assessment, planning an operation or assessing an operation or proposal, it is important to consult with the following organisations where applicable. To find out if any management measures, byelaws or other restrictions apply to your activity see the management measure page or you can use the following links for more information.

The Marine Management Organisation license, regulate and plan marine activities in the seas around England and Wales so that they’re carried out in a sustainable way.
Environment Agency are responsible for regulating major industry and waste, water quality and resources, fisheries, inland river, estuary and harbour navigations, conservation and ecology.
Offshore Petroleum Regulator for the Environment and Decommissioning (OPRED) regulates oil and gas, CCS and gas storage activities in the marine environment.

Further information

For further information relating to this designated site you can refer to the following resources:
Site specific information: Other information:
For further information about this site contact: Natural England enquiries Telephone: 0300 060 3900. Email: enquiries@naturalengland.org.uk




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