Natural England Conservation Advice for Marine Protected Areas
Skerries Bank and Surrounds MCZ

This advice is draft. Once this advice is published as formal advice it becomes Natural England’s statutory advice and replaces the previous advice packages. In the interim, the draft advice should be used as a basis for informing management and case work as it reflects the most up-to-date evidence held by Natural England.

Natural England guidance

This site collection contains Natural England’s conservation advice for this site. It fulfils Natural England’s responsibility under the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, to give advice on how to further the conservation objectives for the site, identify the activities that are capable of affecting the designated features and the processes which they are dependent upon.

Natural England’s conservation advice for this site is made up of a number of components. You will need to consider: Additional information for consideration:

Site information

Site name: Skerries Bank and Surrounds MCZ
Designation type: MCZ
Site identification: UKMCZ0015
Designation date: 21 November 2013
Designated features
(click to see site specific description):

General information on the site features:
The general information on the designated features from the MCZ features catalogue is useful for understanding the designated features, and should be used in conjunction with the site specific information.
Designated area (ha): 24969
Component Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI):
Overlapping Protected Areas:

Last updated: 14th September 2018

Background information and geography

The Skerries Bank and Surrounds MCZ site is located on the South Devon coast. The landward boundary runs along the mean high water mark from Leek Cove at Limebury Point around the coast to Torcross. The seaward boundary aligns with the boundaries of the eastern portion of the South Devon Trawling and Crabbing Chart, known locally as the Start Point Inshore Potting Agreement (IPA).

Skerries Bank itself is found in towards the south of Start Bay, north east of Start Point. The bank is approximately 7km long and is likely to represent an example of a ‘Banner Bank’. The fine sandy sediments on the peaks support polychaete worms but as the sediments become coarser on the flanks, species richness and diversity increases and large numbers of juvenile mussels and brittlestars have been recorded.

Inshore, particularly between Salcombe and Start Point, the site contains large extents of reefs dominated by kelp and other algae. Further offshore, the majority of the the site is dominated by a mosaic of subtidal sediments, although small patches of low lying reef are also present

The intertidal area of the site contains a range of rocky and sediment habitats. The intertidal reefs display characteristic vertical zonation of species assemblages throughout the site. As much of the shore is relatively exposed, intertidal sediments have been found to be mostly coarse with some sand patches interspersed.

Site maps

Use the MAGIC website to see site maps, including habitats, species and other marine designations.

These maps are based on best available evidence, there are some caveats associated with the maps on MAGIC.

The dynamic nature of habitat features and supporting habitats for mobile species is illustrated where data is available, as new evidence becomes available these maps will be updated with our current knowledge of their known extent.



Conservation objectives

The site’s conservation objectives apply to the Marine Conservation Zone and the individual species and/or habitat for which the site has been designated (the “Designated features” listed below).

The conservation objective of the zone is that the protected features:

  1. are maintained in favourable condition if they are already in favourable condition
  2. be brought into favourable condition if they are not already in favourable condition

For each broadscale habitat, favourable condition means that, within a zone:

  1. its extent is stable or increasing
  2. its structures and functions, its quality, and the composition of its characteristic biological communities (including diversity and abundance of species forming part or inhabiting the habitat) are sufficient to ensure that its condition remains healthy and does not deteriorate.

Any temporary deterioration in condition is to be disregarded if the habitat is sufficiently healthy and resilient to enable its recovery.

For each species of marine fauna, favourable condition means that the population within a zone is supported in numbers which enable it to thrive, by maintaining:

  1. the quality and quantity of its habitat
  2. the number, age and sex ratio of its population

Any temporary reduction of numbers of a species is to be disregarded if the population is sufficiently thriving and resilient to enable its recovery.

Any alteration to a feature brought about entirely by natural processes is to be disregarded when determining whether a protected feature is in favourable condition.

This should be read in conjunction with the accompanying supplementary advice section, which provides more detailed information to help achieve the objectives set out above, including which attributes should be maintained and which recovered.

Designated features:

  • High energy intertidal rock (A1.1)
  • Moderate energy intertidal rock (A1.2)
  • Intertidal coarse sediment (A2.1)
  • Intertidal mixed sediments (A2.4)
  • Intertidal sand and muddy sand (A2.2)
  • High energy infralittoral rock (A3.1)
  • Moderate energy infralittoral rock (A3.2)
  • Moderate energy circalittoral rock (A4.2)
  • Subtidal coarse sediment (A5.1)
  • Subtidal sand (A5.2)
  • Subtidal mud (A5.3)
  • Pink sea-fan, Eunicella verrucosa (SOCI_8)
  • Spiny lobster, Palinurus elephas (SOCI_24)


Supplementary Advice on Conservation Objectives

See supplementary advice on conservation objectives for this site, which aim to describe the range of ecological attributes that are most likely to contribute to a site’s overall integrity.

Last updated: 14th September 2018


Advice on Operations

See the advice on operations for this site to view information on the sensitivity of features in this site to the pressures exerted by different activities.

Last updated: 14th September 2018


Advice on Seasonality

See the advice on seasonality for this site, to view the months in which each mobile feature occurs in this site.

Last updated: 14th September 2018


Feature Condition

In 2016, Natural England trialled and rolled out a new condition assessment methodology that provide robust results and information on the condition of marine features within Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Area Teams conduct these assessments following a standardised approach that assesses if feature- and site-specific targets have been met. Assessments for the first sites have been completed, and several others are currently assessed by the Area Teams.

To date, condition assessments have been carried out for marine habitat features of a number of Special Areas of Conservation (SACs). Marine habitat features in other SACs will be assessed in the future. Different processes are currently in place to report on the condition of features in Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs), and on the condition of non-marine habitat features and species features of SACs.

The main part of the assessment process is directly undertaken and stored here on Natural England’s Designated Sites View. The details for the most recent assessments of this site can be found here.



Management measures

If you are carrying out an environmental assessment, planning an operation or assessing an operation or proposal, it is important to consult with the following organisations where applicable. To find out if any management measures, byelaws or other restrictions apply to your activity see the management measure page or you can use the following links for more information.

The Marine Management Organisation license, regulate and plan marine activities in the seas around England and Wales so that they’re carried out in a sustainable way.
Environment Agency are responsible for regulating major industry and waste, water quality and resources, fisheries, inland river, estuary and harbour navigations, conservation and ecology.
Offshore Petroleum Regulator for the Environment and Decommissioning (OPRED) regulates oil and gas, CCS and gas storage activities in the marine environment.

Further information

For further information relating to this designated site you can refer to the following resources:
Site specific information: Other information:
For further information about this site contact: Natural England enquiries Telephone: 0300 060 3900. Email: enquiries@naturalengland.org.uk

For further information on the Conservation Advice Project, including Designated Sites System (DSS) guidance, Frequently Asked Questions and a Glossary of terminology, please contact: MCAProject@naturalengland.org.uk


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