Natural England Conservation Advice for Marine Protected Areas
Padstow Bay and Surrounds MCZ

Natural England guidance

This site collection contains Natural England’s conservation advice for this site. It fulfils Natural England’s responsibility under the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, to give advice on how to further the conservation objectives for the site, identify the activities that are capable of affecting the designated features and the processes which they are dependent upon.

Natural England's conservation advice for this site is made up of a number of components. You will need to consider: Additional information for consideration:

Site information

Site name: Padstow Bay and Surrounds MCZ
Designation type: MCZ
Site identification: UKMCZ0012
Latest designation date: 12 December 2013
Designated features
(click to see site specific description):

General information on the site features:
The general information on the designated features from the MCZ features catalogue is useful for understanding the designated features, and should be used in conjunction with the site specific information.
Designated area (ha): 9000
Component Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI):
Overlapping Protected Areas:

Last updated: 13th September 2019

Background information and geography

Padstow Bay and Surrounds MCZ is an inshore site on the north Cornish coast. The boundary extends from Park Head near Trenance, to Com Head, just east of Pentire Point and The Rumps and includes the small islands of Quies, The Bull and The Mouls. This MCZ covers a range of seabed types from intertidal habitats found on the shoreline to circalittoral habitats at depths of up to 50 metres.

This stretch of coastline is characterised by exposed cliffs, rocky shores and sandy wave-exposed bays. The small offshore islands provide nesting habitats for several species of seabird and are haul out sites for Grey seal. The sandy shores provide a habitat for creatures such as polychaete worms which are found buried within the sediments and sand-hoppers which inhabit strandlines high on the shore.

The rocky habitats within the site consist of both vertical cliffs and gently sloping or flat bedrock reefs. The cliffs tend to be dominated by yellow, grey and black lichens in the splash zone, with barnacles, mussels and wracks further down. Red and pink coralline seaweeds can be found on the base of the cliffs.

The flat rocky reefs are among the most extensive in north Cornwall. They support rich communities of animals and seaweeds, with rockpools, overhangs and crevices providing refuges from the strong waves and tidal currents. The brown seaweed Bifurcaria bifurcata is found growing on open rock. This is unusual as this species predominantly occurs in rockpools.

Kelp forests can be seen at extreme low tide, extending into deeper water, with several species of kelp growing among encrusting pink algae. The cold water kelp Alaria esculenta has been recorded in high abundances here.

Further out, where reduced sunlight limits the growth of seaweeds, the rocks are dominated by animals such as sea squirts, pink sea-fans and spiny starfish. The spiny lobster Palinurus elephas has also been recorded in subtidal rocky areas within this site.

Site maps

Use the MAGIC website to see site maps, including habitats, species and other marine designations.

These maps are based on best available evidence, there are some caveats associated with the maps on MAGIC.

The dynamic nature of habitat features and supporting habitats for mobile species is illustrated where data is available, as new evidence becomes available these maps will be updated with our current knowledge of their known extent.

Conservation objectives

The site’s conservation objectives apply to the Marine Conservation Zone and the individual species and/or habitat for which the site has been designated (the “Designated features” listed below).

The conservation objective of the zone is that the protected features:

  1. are maintained in favourable condition if they are already in favourable condition
  2. be brought into favourable condition if they are not already in favourable condition

For each protected feature, favourable condition means that, within a zone:

  1. its extent is stable or increasing
  2. its structure and functions, its quality, and the composition of its characteristic biological communities (including diversity and abundance of species forming part or inhabiting the habitat) are sufficient to ensure that its condition remains healthy and does not deteriorate

Any temporary deterioration in condition is to be disregarded if the habitat is sufficiently healthy and resilient to enable its recovery.

For each species of marine fauna, favourable condition means that the population within a zone is supported in numbers which enable it to thrive, by maintaining:

  1. the quality and quantity of its habitat
  2. the number, age and sex ratio of its population

Any temporary reduction of numbers of a species is to be disregarded if the population is sufficiently thriving and resilient to enable its recovery.

Any alteration to a feature brought about entirely by natural processes is to be disregarded when determining whether a protected feature is in favourable condition.

This should be read in conjunction with the accompanying supplementary advice section, which provides more detailed information to help achieve the objectives set out above, including which attributes should be maintained and which recovered.

Designated features:

  • Intertidal coarse sediment
  • Intertidal sand and muddy sand
  • Moderate energy intertidal rock
  • Moderate energy infralittoral rock
  • High energy intertidal rock
  • High energy infralittoral rock
  • High energy circalittoral rock
  • Pink sea-fan, Eunicella verrucosa
  • Spiny lobster, Palinurus elephas

Supplementary Advice on Conservation Objectives

See supplementary advice on conservation objectives for this site, which aim to describe the range of ecological attributes that are most likely to contribute to a site’s overall integrity.

Last updated: 20th March 2017

Advice on Operations

See the advice on operations for this site to view information on the sensitivity of features in this site to the pressures exerted by different activities.

Last updated: 13th March 2020

Advice on Seasonality

See the advice on seasonality for this site, to view the months in which each mobile feature occurs in this site.

Last updated: 20th March 2017

Feature Condition

In 2016, Natural England trialled and rolled out a new Marine Protected Area (MPA) condition assessment methodology that provides robust results and information on the condition of marine features designated within MPAs in England. With guidance from National teams and using all available evidence and condition monitoring data, Area Teams conduct these assessments following a standardised approach that assesses if the feature and sub feature conservation targets set for each MPA have been met.

To date, condition assessments have been completed for a number of features in a range of marine Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) by the National and Area Teams. Further marine habitat features in SACs and other MPAs will continue to be assessed in the future. The new method can now also be applied to complete habitat and species condition assessments for other MPAs in England, whilst still meeting the different processes in place to report on the results of condition of features in Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs). Different processes are currently in place to decide and report on the condition of non-marine habitat and species features of SACs.

The main part of the assessment process is directly undertaken and stored here on Natural England’s Designated Sites View. The details for the most recent assessments of this site can be found here.

Management measures

If you are carrying out an environmental assessment, planning an operation or assessing an operation or proposal, it is important to consult with the following organisations where applicable. To find out if any management measures, byelaws or other restrictions apply to your activity see the management measure page or you can use the following links for more information.

The Marine Management Organisation license, regulate and plan marine activities in the seas around England and Wales so that they’re carried out in a sustainable way.
Environment Agency are responsible for regulating major industry and waste, water quality and resources, fisheries, inland river, estuary and harbour navigations, conservation and ecology.
Offshore Petroleum Regulator for the Environment and Decommissioning (OPRED) regulates oil and gas, CCS and gas storage activities in the marine environment.

Further information

For further information relating to this designated site you can refer to the following resources:
Site specific information: Other information:
For further information about this site contact: Natural England enquiries Telephone: 0300 060 3900. Email: