Natural England Conservation Advice for Marine Protected Areas
Lundy MCZ

Natural England guidance

This site collection contains Natural England’s conservation advice for this site. It fulfils Natural England’s responsibility under the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, to give advice on how to further the conservation objectives for the site, identify the activities that are capable of affecting the designated features and the processes which they are dependent upon.

Natural England's conservation advice for this site is made up of a number of components. You will need to consider: Additional information for consideration:

Site information

Overarching site: Lundy Marine Protected Area
Site name: Lundy MCZ
Designation type: MCZ
Site identification: UKMCZ0010
Latest designation date: 12 December 2013
Designated features
(click to see site specific description):

General information on the site features:
The general information on the designated features from the MCZ features catalogue is useful for understanding the designated features, and should be used in conjunction with the site specific information.
Designated area (ha): 3068.98
Moderation/boundary changes:

The site was first designated as an MCZ on 1 January 2010 when it was automatically transposed from the original Marine Nature Reserve designation. In November 2013, the MCZ was designated for one feature; spiny lobster.

Component Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI):
Overlapping Protected Areas:

Last updated: 13th September 2019

Background information and geography

Lundy is the largest island in the Bristol Channel between England and Wales on the west coast of Britain. Lundy is a rocky island located at the frontier between the Atlantic Ocean and the Bristol Channel. It rises as a granite outcrop about 114 meters above sea level and it has an area of 852 hectares.

Lundy was the first Marine Nature Reserve (MNR) in UK waters, designated in 1986. A No Take Zone was established in 2003 through a Devon Sea Fisheries byelaw to provide special protection to key species and habitats off the east coast of the island. In 2005, Lundy was designated as a Special Area of Conservation in recognition of its outstanding reef marine habitats and species. In 2010 Lundy was designated as England’s first Marine Conservation Zone. The Marine and Coastal Access Act was passed in 2009 which automatically converted the Lundy MNR into an MCZ. The Lundy MCZ and the Lundy SAC have the same seaward boundary, covering an area of 3069 hectares. Many of the marine habitats and species within the site boundary are already protected under the SAC and SSSI designations hence, in 2013 Lundy was officially designated as a MCZ with spiny lobster as its only feature.

A large number of nationally scarce and uncommon species are found in the waters around Lundy. One of these is the site’s designated feature, spiny lobster, a Mediterranean-Atlantic species which is nationally important and very close to the northern geographic limits of its distribution.

Site maps

Use the MAGIC website to see site maps, including habitats, species and other marine designations.

These maps are based on best available evidence, there are some caveats associated with the maps on MAGIC.

The dynamic nature of habitat features and supporting habitats for mobile species is illustrated where data is available, as new evidence becomes available these maps will be updated with our current knowledge of their known extent.

Conservation objectives

The site’s conservation objectives apply to the Marine Conservation Zone and the individual species and / or habitat for which the site has been designated (the “Designated Features” listed below). The conservation objective of the zone is that the protected feature;

  1. is maintained in a favourable condition if already in a favorable condition
  2. is bought into favourable condition if not already in favourable condition

For the protected feature favourable condition means that a population within a zone is supported in numbers which enable it to thrive, by maintaining;

  1. the quality and quantity of its habitat
  2. the number, age and sex ratio of its population

Any temporary reduction of numbers of a species is to be disregarded if the species is sufficiently thriving and resilient to enable its recovery. Any alteration to a feature bought about entirely by natural processes is to be disregarded when determining whether a protected feature is in favourable condition.

This should be read in conjunction with the accompanying supplementary advice section, which provides more detailed information to help achieve the objectives set out above including which attributes should be maintained and which recovered.

Designated feature;

Spiny Lobster

Supplementary Advice on Conservation Objectives

See supplementary advice on conservation objectives for this site, which aim to describe the range of ecological attributes that are most likely to contribute to a site’s overall integrity.

Last updated: 20th March 2017

Advice on Operations

See the advice on operations for this site to view information on the sensitivity of features in this site to the pressures exerted by different activities.

Last updated: 13th March 2020

Advice on Seasonality

See the advice on seasonality for this site, to view the months in which each mobile feature occurs in this site.

Last updated: 13th September 2019

Feature Condition

In 2016, Natural England trialled and rolled out a new Marine Protected Area (MPA) condition assessment methodology that provides robust results and information on the condition of marine features designated within MPAs in England. With guidance from National teams and using all available evidence and condition monitoring data, Area Teams conduct these assessments following a standardised approach that assesses if the feature and sub feature conservation targets set for each MPA have been met.

To date, condition assessments have been completed for a number of features in a range of marine Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) by the National and Area Teams. Further marine habitat features in SACs and other MPAs will continue to be assessed in the future. The new method can now also be applied to complete habitat and species condition assessments for other MPAs in England, whilst still meeting the different processes in place to report on the results of condition of features in Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs). Different processes are currently in place to decide and report on the condition of non-marine habitat and species features of SACs.

The main part of the assessment process is directly undertaken and stored here on Natural England’s Designated Sites View. The details for the most recent assessments of this site can be found here.

Management measures

If you are carrying out an environmental assessment, planning an operation or assessing an operation or proposal, it is important to consult with the following organisations where applicable. To find out if any management measures, byelaws or other restrictions apply to your activity see the management measure page or you can use the following links for more information.

The Marine Management Organisation license, regulate and plan marine activities in the seas around England and Wales so that they’re carried out in a sustainable way.
Environment Agency are responsible for regulating major industry and waste, water quality and resources, fisheries, inland river, estuary and harbour navigations, conservation and ecology.
Offshore Petroleum Regulator for the Environment and Decommissioning (OPRED) regulates oil and gas, CCS and gas storage activities in the marine environment.

Further information

For further information relating to this designated site you can refer to the following resources:
Site specific information: Other information:
For further information about this site contact: Natural England enquiries Telephone: 0300 060 3900. Email: