Natural England Conservation Advice for Marine Protected Areas
Lands End and Cape Bank SAC

Natural England guidance

This site collection contains Natural England’s conservation advice for this site. It fulfils Natural England’s responsibility under the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017, to give advice on how to further the conservation objectives for the site, identify the activities that are capable of affecting the qualifying features and the processes which they are dependent upon.

Natural England’s conservation advice for this site is made up of a number of components. You will need to consider: Additional information for consideration:

Site information

Site name: Lands End and Cape Bank SAC
Designation type: SAC
Site identification: UK0030375
Designation date: 29 September 2017
Qualifying features
(click to see site specific description):

 
Reefs
General information on the site features:
The generic information on the qualifying features is useful for understanding the qualifying features, and should be used in conjunction with the site specific information.
Designated area (ha): 30172
Moderation/boundary changes: The site was designated as a Site of Community Importance (SCI) in November 2011. The status changed to a Special Area of Conservation (SAC) on 29th September 2017.
Component Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI):
Overlapping Protected Areas:

Last updated: 16th March 2018

Background information and geography

The Lands End and Cape Bank SAC lies to the west of the Land’s End peninsula and extends to almost 22 km from the coast. The reefs are completely submerged features composed almost entirely of granite. The site has two main reef areas; upstanding reef fringing the coast (the Lands End part of the site) and upstanding reef further offshore that is roughly aligned with the coastline (the Cape Bank part of the site).

The rocky reef system in the coastal margin stretches for about 25 km along the coast. In the southern part of the coastal reef, the “Longships” reef off Land’s End, the Three Stone Oar islets off Pendeen, and "The Brisons” islet off Cape Cornwall are clearly visible from the shore. These areas are notable for their topographic complexity, which results in high biological and biotope diversity. The reef is dominated by tide-swept kelp forest and kelp parks with dense foliose red algae.

The reef within the Cape Bank part of the site is of particular conservation interest. The crescent-shaped system of offshore upstanding rocky reef stretches for 35 km. The reef here is characterised by high biodiversity tide-swept communities such as sponges, faunal and algal turfs and crustose communities.

The south westerly position of the site on the British coast means that these reefs are exposed to the full force of the waves, strong tidal currents and oceanic swells coming in from the Atlantic. The site is found in a fully marine environment and there are no major freshwater run-off sources from the land.

Site maps

Use the MAGIC website to see site maps, including habitats, species and other marine designations.

These maps are based on best available evidence, there are some caveats associated with the maps on MAGIC.

There are some instances where the feature, subfeature or supporting habitat name varies on MAGIC from the conservation advice. The alternative names are listed on gov.uk.

Conservation objectives

The site’s conservation objectives apply to the site and the individual species and/or assemblage of species for which the site has been classified (the “Qualifying features” listed above).

The objectives are to ensure that, subject to natural change, the integrity of the site is maintained or restored as appropriate, and that the site contributes to achieving the Favourable Conservation Status of its qualifying features, by maintaining or restoring:
  • the extent and distribution of qualifying natural habitats and habitats of the qualifying species
  • the structure and function (including typical species) of qualifying natural habitats
  • the structure and function of the habitats of the qualifying species
  • the supporting processes on which qualifying natural habitats and the habitats of qualifying species rely
  • the populations of qualifying species
  • the distribution of qualifying species within the site

Qualifying features

Refer to the site information table above for the list of features within this site.

This should be read in conjunction with the accompanying supplementary advice section, which provides more detailed information to help achieve the objectives set out above, including which attributes should be maintained and which restored.

The conservation objectives apply under the Habitats Regulations, Habitats Directive and Wild Birds Directive, and must be considered during a Habitats Regulation Assessment, including an Appropriate Assessment.

The conservation objectives and accompanying supplementary advice provide a framework to inform the management and measures needed to conserve or restore the European site, and the prevention of deterioration and significant disturbance of its qualifying features.

Where the objectives are met, the site will be considered to show a high level of integrity, and to be contributing to achieving the aims of the Directives.

Supplementary Advice on Conservation Objectives

See supplementary advice on conservation objectives for this site, which aim to describe the range of ecological attributes that are most likely to contribute to a site’s overall integrity.

Last updated: 20th March 2017


Advice on Operations

See the advice on operations for this site to view information on the sensitivity of features in this site to the pressures exerted by different activities.

Last updated: 14th September 2018


Feature Condition

In 2016, Natural England trialled and rolled out a new condition assessment methodology that provide robust results and information on the condition of marine features within Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Area Teams conduct these assessments following a standardised approach that assesses if feature- and site-specific targets have been met. Assessments for the first sites have been completed, and several others are currently assessed by the Area Teams.

To date, condition assessments have been carried out for marine habitat features of a number of Special Areas of Conservation (SACs). Marine habitat features in other SACs will be assessed in the future. Different processes are currently in place to report on the condition of features in Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs), and on the condition of non-marine habitat features and species features of SACs.

The main part of the assessment process is directly undertaken and stored here on Natural England’s Designated Sites View. The details for the most recent assessments of this site can be found here.



Management measures

If you are carrying out an environmental assessment, planning an operation or assessing an operation or proposal, it is important to consult with the following organisations where applicable. To find out if any management measures, byelaws or other restrictions apply to your activity see the management measure page or you can use the following links for more information.

The Marine Management Organisation license, regulate and plan marine activities in the seas around England and Wales so that they’re carried out in a sustainable way.
Environment Agency are responsible for regulating major industry and waste, water quality and resources, fisheries, inland river, estuary and harbour navigations, conservation and ecology.
Offshore Petroleum Regulator for the Environment and Decommissioning (OPRED) regulates oil and gas, CCS and gas storage activities in the marine environment.

Further information

For further information relating to this designated site you can refer to the following resources:
Site specific information: Other information:
For further information about this site contact: Natural England enquiries Telephone: 0300 060 3900. Email: enquiries@naturalengland.org.uk

For further information on the Conservation Advice Project, including Designated Sites System (DSS) guidance, Frequently Asked Questions and a Glossary of terminology, please contact: MCAProject@naturalengland.org.uk

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